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Südkorea wikipedia

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südkorea wikipedia

Die Republik Korea (koreanisch 대한민국, 大韓民國, [ˈtɛ̝ːɦa̠nminɡuk̚], Daehan Minguk), meist Südkorea genannt, liegt in Ostasien und nimmt den. Korea ist ein Land in Ostasien, das überwiegend auf der Koreanischen Halbinsel liegt, im Westen vom Gelben Meer, im Osten vom Japanischen Meer begrenzt. Südkorea liegt in Ostasien auf der Südhälfte der Koreanischen Halbinsel, zwischen Gelbem Meer (in Südkorea: Westmeer) und dem Japanischen Meer (in . Die Folgen des Koreakriegs waren dramatisch. Jedes Jahr leisten mehrere Hundert dem Einberufungsbefehl nicht Folge und werden daraufhin zu mindestens 18 Monaten Haft verurteilt. Die gesamte Ausbildung der Kinder ist nur darauf ausgerichtet, ein möglichst gutes Ergebnis im Eignungstest für die Universitäten zu erhalten. Von bis existierte das kurzlebige Kaiserreich Korea. Die Preise liegen etwas unter dem mitteleuropäischen Preisniveau. Auch darf Nordkorea in der Öffentlichkeit nicht gelobt oder für dieses geworben werden. Navigationsmenü Meine Werkzeuge Anmelden. Meist gibt es dann auch im Eingangsbereich eine Stufe, an der man die Schuhe vor dem Eintreten auszieht. Von den eher wenigen Ausländern sind die meisten Chinesen. Die Vorschulausbildung hat in den letzten Jahren an Bedeutung gewonnen. Eine Anreise mit dem Auto ist nicht möglich, da Südkorea nur eine gemeinsame Grenze mit Nordkorea hat und ansonsten von Wasser umgeben ist. In der Qualifikation an Australien gescheitert, rugby aachen sich aber ebenfalls itchy deutsch qualifizieren konnte. Die Durchschnittsdaten einzelner Regionen weichen teilweise deutlich von den genannten ab. Archived from the original on September 15, 3 500 kr bonus! Spela Mr Green: Moonlight hos Mr Green East Asia Before the West: The Eunuchs in the Ming Dynasty. Hinsichtlich ihrer genetischen Klassifizierung ist spielgemeinschaft lotto sich in der stream casino royale hd Forschung uneinig, die meisten Forscher gehen allerdings von einer Isolierten Sprachgruppe hannover vfb live stream. There are many official public holidays in South Korea. Meals are usually accompanied by a soup or stew, such as galbitang stewed ribs or doenjang jjigae fermented bean paste soup. Korean art has been highly influenced by Buddhism and Confucianismwhich can be seen in the many traditional paintings, sculptures, ceramics and the performing arts. Die Zahl der jackpot casino party online bis ausgewanderten Gastarbeiter südkoreanischer Nationalität betrug etwa 8.

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Loor op dä Sigg övver de Beschtemmonge för der Jebruch , doh schtonn mih Einzelheite drop. However, experts estimate that over , artifacts actually remain in Japan.

There was a significant level of emigration to the overseas territories of the Empire of Japan during the Japanese occupation period, including Korea.

In , with the surrender of Japan , the United Nations developed plans for a trusteeship administration, the Soviet Union administering the peninsula north of the 38th parallel and the United States administering the south.

The politics of the Cold War resulted in the establishment of two separate governments, North Korea and South Korea. The aftermath of World War II left Korea partitioned along the 38th parallel, with the north under Soviet occupation and the south under US occupation supported by other allied states.

Consequently, North Korea, a Soviet-style socialist republic was established in the north and South Korea; a Western-style regime, was established in the South.

North Korea is a one-party state , now centred on Kim Il-sung 's Juche ideology, with a centrally planned industrial economy.

South Korea is a multi-party state with a capitalist market economy , alongside membership in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the Group of Twenty.

The two states have greatly diverged both culturally and economically since their partition, though they still share a common traditional culture and pre-Cold War history.

Since the s, the South Korean economy has grown enormously and the economic structure was radically transformed.

Rummel , forced labor , executions, and concentration camps were responsible for over one million deaths in North Korea from to ; [] others have estimated , deaths in concentration camps alone.

As guerrilla activities expanded everywhere in South Korea, the South Korean government used strong measures against peasants, such as forcefully moving their families from guerrilla areas.

The losses incurred from that terror were: The Korean Peninsula remained divided, the Korean Demilitarized Zone being the de facto border between the two states.

During the Korean War —53 more than 1. In , the leaders of North Korea and South Korea officially signed the Panmunjom Declaration , announcing that they will work to end the conflict.

The combined population of the Koreas is about 76 million North Korea: Korea is chiefly populated by a highly homogeneous ethnic group, the Koreans , who speak the Korean language.

Worldwide, there are up to 80 million speakers of the Korean language. South Korea has around 50 million speakers while North Korea around 25 million.

The classification of Korean is debated. Some linguists place it in the Altaic language family; others consider it to be a language isolate. Korean is agglutinative in its morphology and SOV in its syntax.

Like Japanese and Vietnamese , Korean has borrowed much vocabulary from the Chinese or created vocabulary on Chinese models.

Modern Korean is written almost exclusively in the script of the Korean alphabet known as Hangul in South Korea and Chosungul in China and North Korea , which was invented in the 15th century.

Korean is sometimes written with the addition of some Chinese characters called Hanja; however, this is only occasionally seen nowadays.

While Hangul may appear logographic , it is actually a phonemic alphabet organised into syllabic blocks.

Each block consists of at least two of the 24 hangul letters jamo: Historically, the alphabet had several additional letters see obsolete jamo. For a phonological description of the letters, see Korean phonology.

Thus, one born immediately before New Year's Day may only be a few days old in western reckoning, but two years old in Korea. Accordingly, a Korean person's stated age at least among fellow Koreans will be one or two years more than their age according to western reckoning.

However, western reckoning is sometimes applied with regard to the concept of legal age ; for example, the legal age for purchasing alcohol or cigarettes in the Republic of Korea is 19, which is measured according to western reckoning.

Korean literature written before the end of the Joseon Dynasty is called "Classical" or "Traditional. Classical Korean literature has its roots in traditional folk beliefs and folk tales of the peninsula, strongly influenced by Confucianism , Buddhism and Taoism.

Modern literature is often linked with the development of hangul , which helped spread literacy from the aristocracy to the common people. Hangul, however, only reached a dominant position in Korean literature in the second half of the 19th century, resulting in a major growth in Korean literature.

Sinsoseol , for instance, are novels written in hangul. The Korean War led to the development of literature centered on the wounds and chaos of war. Much of the post-war literature in South Korea deals with the daily lives of ordinary people, and their struggles with national pain.

The collapse of the traditional Korean value system is another common theme of the time. Traditional Korean music includes combinations of the folk, vocal, religious and ritual music styles of the Korean people.

Korean music has been practiced since prehistoric times. The first, Hyangak , literally means The local music or Music native to Korea , a famous example of which is Sujechon, a piece of instrumental music often claimed to be at least 1, years old.

Confucian tradition has dominated Korean thought, along with contributions by Buddhism , Taoism , and Korean Shamanism.

Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea.

Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an underlying religion of the Korean people as well as a vital aspect of their culture; all these traditions have coexisted peacefully for hundreds of years up to today despite strong Westernisation from Christian missionary conversions in the South [] [] [] or the pressure from the Juche government in the North.

Christians account for Islam in South Korea is practiced by about 45, natives about 0. Koreans traditionally believe that the taste and quality of food depend on its spices and sauces, the essential ingredients to making a delicious meal.

Therefore, soybean paste , soy sauce , gochujang or red pepper paste and kimchi are some of the most important staples in a Korean household.

Korean cuisine was greatly influenced by the geography and climate of the Korean Peninsula, which is known for its cold autumns and winters, therefore there are many fermented dishes and hot soups and stews.

Korean cuisine is probably best known for kimchi , a side dish which uses a distinctive fermentation process of preserving vegetables, most commonly cabbage.

Kimchi is said to relieve the pores on the skin, thereby reducing wrinkles and providing nutrients to the skin naturally.

It is also healthy, as it provides necessary vitamins and nutrients. Gochujang, a traditional Korean sauce made of red pepper is also commonly used, often as pepper chilli paste, earning the cuisine a reputation for spiciness.

Bulgogi roasted marinated meat, usually beef , galbi marinated grilled short ribs , and samgyeopsal pork belly are popular meat entrees.

Fish is also a popular commodity, as it is the traditional meat that Koreans eat. Meals are usually accompanied by a soup or stew, such as galbitang stewed ribs or doenjang jjigae fermented bean paste soup.

The center of the table is filled with a shared collection of sidedishes called banchan. Other popular dishes include bibimbap which literally means "mixed rice" rice mixed with meat, vegetables, and red pepper paste and naengmyeon cold noodles.

Instant noodles or ramyeon are a popular snack food and Koreans also enjoy food from pojangmachas street vendors , where customers can buy tteokbokki rice cake and fish cake with a spicy gochujang sauce , gimbap made of steamed white rice wrapped in dried laver seaweed as well as fried squid and glazed sweet potato.

Soondae , a sausage made of cellophane noodles and pork blood, is widely eaten. Additionally, some other common snacks include " Choco Pie ", shrimp crackers, "bbeongtwigi" puffed rice grains , and "nurungji" slightly burnt rice.

Nurungji can be eaten as it is or boiled with water to make a soup. Nurungji can also be eaten as a snack or a dessert. Korea is unique among Asian countries in its use of metal chopsticks.

Metal chopsticks have been discovered in archaeological sites belonging to the ancient Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla.

The modern South Korean school system consists of six years in elementary school, three years in middle school, and three years in high school.

Students are required to go to elementary and middle school, and do not have to pay for their education, except for a small fee called a "School Operation Support Fee" that differs from school to school.

South Korea ranks second on math and literature and first in problem solving [ citation needed ]. Although South Korean students often rank high on international comparative assessments, the education system is criticised for emphasising too much upon passive learning and memorization.

The South Korean education system is rather notably strict and structured as compared to its counterparts in most Western societies.

After students enter university, however, the situation is markedly reversed. The North Korean education system consists primarily of universal and state funded schooling by the government.

The national literacy rate for citizens 15 years of age and above is over 99 percent. Other notable universities include Kim Chaek University of Technology , which focuses on computer science, Pyongyang University of Foreign Studies , which trains working level diplomats and trade officials, and Kim Hyong Jik University , which trains teachers.

Outside the formal structure of schools and classrooms in the north is the extremely important "social education". This education includes not only extracurricular activities but also family life and the broadest range of human relationships within society.

There is great sensitivity to the influence of the social environment on the growing child and its role in the development of his or her character.

The ideal of social education is to provide a carefully controlled environment in which children are exposed only to pro- Juche and anti-south influences.

According to a North Korean official interviewed in , 'School education is not enough to turn the rising generation into men of knowledge, virtue, and physical fitness.

After school, our children have many spare hours. So it's important to efficiently organise their afterschool education'. The earliest known surviving Korean example of woodblock printing is the Mugujeonggwang Great Dharani Sutra.

During the Goryeo Dynasty , metal movable type printing was invented by Choe Yun-ui in There is conjecture as to whether or not Choe's invention had any influence on later printing inventions such as Gutenberg's Printing press.

The Korean alphabet hangul was also invented during this time by King Sejong the Great. North Korea and South Korea usually compete as two separate nations in international events.

There are, however, a few examples of them having competed as one entity , under the name Korea. While association football remains one of the most popular sports in South Korea, the martial art of taekwondo is considered to be the national sport.

Baseball and golf are also popular. Taekwondo is one of Korea's most famous sports. It combines combat techniques, self-defense, sport, exercise and in some cases meditation and philosophy.

Taekwondo has become an official Olympic sport, starting as a demonstration event in when South Korea hosted the Games in Seoul and becoming an official medal event in There are two main authoritative Taekwondo organizations in the world.

Hapkido is a modern Korean martial art with a grappling focus that employs joint locks, throws, kicks, punches and other striking attacks like attacks against pressure points.

Hapkido emphasizes circular motion, non-resisting movements and control of the opponent. Practitioners seek to gain advantage through footwork and body positioning to employ leverage, avoiding the pure use of strength against strength.

Ssireum is the traditional national sport of Korea. During a match, opponents grip each other by sash belts wrapped around the waist and the thigh, attempting to throw their competitor to the sandy ground of the ring.

The first opponent to touch the ground with any body part above the knee or to lose hold of their opponent loses the round.

Ssireum competitions are traditionally held twice a year, during the Dano Festival the 5th day of the fifth lunar month and Chuseok the 15th day of the 8th lunar month.

Competitions are also held throughout the year as a part of festivals and other events. Samiljeol , Independence Movement Day, commemorates Korea's declaration of independence from Japanese occupation on March 1, On March 1, , Korean presented their resistance towards Japan and Japanese occupation with a declaration of independence.

The newly established Korean government set aside March 1 as a national holiday to commemorate the sacrifices borne in the long struggle for Korean independence.

Hyunchoongil is the national holiday in Korea commemorating those who fought and died for the nation. In August , only a few years after Korea achieved its independence from Japan, the Korean War, in Korea also known as the 6.

During this war, approximately , soldiers and some one million citizens were killed or injured. In , North and South Korea agreed to a cease-fire, and three years later the Korean government established Hyungchoogil to commemorate the soldiers who fought in the Korean War.

Subsequent to its establishment, Hyungchoogil was reinterpreted as a day of remembrance for those who died defending Korea in all conflicts, not only during the Korean War.

Gwangbokjeol is the day for celebrating liberation of the country from Japan in as well as celebrating the establishment of Korean government in Gwangbok means "returned light" representing gaining national sovereignty from Japan.

It was first declared to be national holiday in October 1. On this date every year, the president of Korea visits Independence Hall, and invites diplomatic envoys from many countries and all social standings in countries to Cheongwadae the Blue House, the Korean presidential residence.

Before the creation of Hangul, people in Korea known as Joseon at the time primarily wrote using Classical Chinese alongside native phonetic writing systems that predate Hangul by hundreds of years, including idu , hyangchal , gugyeol , and gakpil.

To assuage this problem, King Sejong created the unique alphabet known as Hangul to promote literacy among the common people.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Region in East Asia. This article is about the region containing the countries North Korea and South Korea.

For the peninsula the region is located on, see Korean Peninsula. For other uses, see Korea disambiguation. Part of a series on the.

Prehistoric Korea and Gojoseon. Proto—Three Kingdoms of Korea. Korea under Japanese rule. Division of Korea , Korean conflict , and Korean reunification.

Korean language and Korean Sign Language. Culture of Korea , Korean art , Korean pottery and porcelain , Korean martial arts , Korean dance , Korean bow , and Korean architecture.

Historic Monuments and Sites in Kaesong. Royal Tombs of the Joseon. Korean tea ceremony and Korean royal court cuisine. History of science and technology in Korea.

List of Korean inventions and discoveries. List of public holidays in South Korea. Korea portal Geography portal Asia portal. Retrieved 30 April Retrieved 15 July Retrieved 19 August The British Library Board.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. However, South Korean and Japanese relations later soured because of conflicting claims of sovereignty over the Liancourt Rocks.

In , there was an escalation in attacks by North Korea. In November Yeonpyeong island was attacked by a significant North Korean artillery barrage, with 4 people losing their lives.

The lack of a strong response to these attacks from both South Korea and the international community the official UN report declined to explicitly name North Korea as the perpetrator for the Cheonan sinking caused significant anger with the South Korean public.

Daughter of another former president, Park Chung-hee , she carried on a conservative brand of politics. President Park Geun-hye's administration was formally accused of corruption, bribery, and influence-peddling for the involvement of close friend Choi Soon-sil in state affairs.

There followed a series of massive public demonstrations from November [] and she was removed from office. His tenure so far has seen an improving political relationship with North Korea, some increasing divergence in the military alliance with the United States, and the successful hosting of the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang.

This mountainous peninsula is flanked by the Yellow Sea to the west, and the Sea of Japan to the east. Its total area is , square kilometres 38, South Korea can be divided into four general regions: South Korea's terrain is mostly mountainous, most of which is not arable.

About three thousand islands, mostly small and uninhabited, lie off the western and southern coasts of South Korea. Jeju-do is about kilometres 62 miles off the southern coast of South Korea.

It is the country's largest island, with an area of 1, square kilometres square miles. Jeju is also the site of South Korea's highest point: Hallasan , an extinct volcano , reaches 1, metres 6, feet above sea level.

Winter temperatures are higher along the southern coast and considerably lower in the mountainous interior. South Korea has four distinct seasons; spring, summer, autumn and winter.

Spring usually lasts from late March to early May, summer from mid-May to early September, autumn from mid-September to early November, and winter from mid-November to mid-March.

Rainfall is concentrated in the summer months of June through September. The southern coast is subject to late summer typhoons that bring strong winds, heavy rains and sometime floods.

During the first 20 years of South Korea's growth surge, little effort was made to preserve the environment. The green-based economic strategy is a comprehensive overhaul of South Korea's economy, utilizing nearly two percent of the national GDP.

The greening initiative includes such efforts as a nationwide bike network, solar and wind energy, lowering oil dependent vehicles, backing daylight savings and extensive usage of environmentally friendly technologies such as LEDs in electronics and lighting.

The renewable portfolio standard program with renewable energy certificates runs from to They are also more difficult to design and implement than a Feed-in tariff.

Seoul's tap water recently became safe to drink, with city officials branding it "Arisu" in a bid to convince the public.

Another multibillion-dollar project was the restoration of Cheonggyecheon , a stream running through downtown Seoul that had earlier been paved over by a motorway.

Under its current constitution the state is sometimes referred to as the Sixth Republic of South Korea.

Like many democratic states, [] South Korea has a government divided into three branches: The executive and legislative branches operate primarily at the national level, although various ministries in the executive branch also carry out local functions.

Local governments are semi-autonomous, and contain executive and legislative bodies of their own. The judicial branch operates at both the national and local levels.

South Korea is a constitutional democracy. This document has been revised several times since its first promulgation in at independence. However, it has retained many broad characteristics and with the exception of the short-lived Second Republic of South Korea , the country has always had a presidential system with an independent chief executive.

Although South Korea experienced a series of military dictatorships from the s up until the s, it has since developed into a successful liberal democracy.

The major administrative divisions in South Korea are eight provinces , one special self-governing province , six metropolitan cities self-governing cities that are not part of any province , one special city and one metropolitan autonomous city.

In April , South Korea's population was estimated to be around Most South Koreans live in urban areas, because of rapid migration from the countryside during the country's quick economic expansion in the s, s and s.

According to the census, Seoul had a population of 10 million inhabitants. The Seoul National Capital Area has Other major cities include Busan 3.

The population has also been shaped by international migration. This trend of net entry reversed over the next 40 years because of emigration, especially to the United States and Canada.

South Korea's total population in was Precise numbers are difficult since statistics do not record ethnicity and given many immigrants are ethnically Korean themselves, whilst some Korean citizens are not ethnically Korean.

The percentage of foreign nationals has been growing rapidly. For example, migrants from China PRC make up South Korea's birthrate was the world's lowest in A centralized administration in South Korea oversees the process for the education of children from kindergarten to the third and final year of high school.

The school year is divided into two semesters, the first of which begins at the beginning of March and ends in mid-July, the second of which begins in late August and ends in mid-February.

The schedules are not uniformly standardized and vary from school to school. Most South Korean middle schools and high schools have school uniforms, modeled on western-style uniforms.

Boys' uniforms usually consist of trousers and white shirts, and girls wear skirts and white shirts this only applies in middle schools and high schools.

The country adopted a new educational program to increase the number of their foreign students through According to the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology , the number of scholarships for foreign students in South Korea would have under the program doubled by that time, and the number of foreign students would have reached , South Korea is one of the top-performing OECD countries in reading literacy, maths and sciences with the average student scoring and has one of the worlds most highly educated labour forces among OECD countries.

Higher education is a serious issue in South Korea society, where it is viewed as one of the fundamental cornerstones of South Korean life. Education is regarded with a high priority for South Korean families as success in education holds a cultural status as well as a necessity to improve one's socioeconomic position in South Korean society.

South Koreans view education as the main propeller of social mobility for themselves and their family as a gateway to the South Korean middle class.

Graduating from a top university is the ultimate marker of prestige, high socioeconomic status, promising marriage prospects, and a respectable career path.

Not having a university degree carries a major cultural stigma as those who lack a formal university education face social prejudice and are often looked down upon by others.

In , the country spent 4. There is a major cultural taboo in South Korean society attached to those who have not achieved formal university education where those who don't hold university degrees face social prejudice and are often looked down by others as second-class citizens resulting in fewer opportunities for employment, improvement of one's socioeconomic position and prospects for marriage.

International opinion regarding the South Korean education system has been divided. It has been praised for various reasons, including its comparatively high test results and its major role in ushering South Korea's economic development creating one of the world's most educated workforces.

President Barack Obama has also praised the country's rigorous school system, where over 80 percent of South Korean high school graduates go on to university.

The system's rigid and hierarchical structure has been criticized for stifling creativity and innovation; [] [] described as intensely and "brutally" competitive, [] the system is often blamed for the high suicide rate in the country, particularly the growing rates among those aged 10— Various media outlets attribute the country's high suicide rate to the nationwide anxiety around the country's college entrance exams, which determine the trajectory of students' entire lives and careers.

Korean is the official language of South Korea, and is classified by most linguists as a language isolate. Korean is not related to any Chinese languages, although it incorporates a number of words that are Chinese in origin.

Additionally, Korean spoken in South Korea uses a significant number of loan words from English and other European languages. Korean uses an indigenous writing system called Hangul , created in by King Sejong to provide a convenient alternative to the Classical Chinese Hanja characters that were difficult to learn and did not fit the Korean language well.

South Korea still uses some Chinese Hanja characters in limited areas, such as print media and legal documentation.

The Korean language in South Korea has a standard dialect known as Seoul after the capital city , with an additional 4 Korean language dialect groups in use around the country.

Almost all South Korean students today learn English throughout their education, with some optionally choosing Japanese or Mandarin as well.

Religion in South Korea census [5]. According to the results of the census of more than half of the South Korean population According to the census, Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the constitution, and there is no state religion.

Christianity is South Korea's largest organized religion, accounting for more than half of all South Korean adherents of religious organizations.

There are approximately Roman Catholics increased significantly between the s and the s, but declined throughout the s.

The weakness of Korean Sindo, which, unlike Japanese Shinto and China's religious system , never developed into a national religion of high status, [] combined with the impoverished state of Korean Buddhism after years of suppression at the hands of the Joseon state, by the 20th century it was virtually extinct left a free hand to Christian churches.

Christianity's similarity to native religious narratives has been studied as another factor that contributed to its success in the peninsula.

Among Christian denominations, Presbyterianism is the largest. South Korea is also the second-largest missionary-sending nation, after the United States.

Buddhism was introduced to Korea in the 4th century. In the other states of the Three Kingdoms Period , Goguryeo and Baekje , it was made the state religion respectively in and It was later suppressed throughout much of the subsequent history under the unified kingdom of Joseon — , which officially adopted a strict Korean Confucianism.

South Korea has a universal healthcare system. Suicide in South Korea is a serious and widespread problem and the country ranks poorly on world happiness reports for a high-income state.

Life expectancy has been rising rapidly and South Korea ranked 11th in the world for life expectancy at South Korea maintains diplomatic relations with more than countries.

The country has also been a member of the United Nations since , when it became a member state at the same time as North Korea. Both North and South Korea claim complete sovereignty over the entire peninsula and outlying islands.

Political figures such as Kim Koo worked to reconcile the two governments even after the Korean War. Despite the Sunshine Policy and efforts at reconciliation, the progress was complicated by North Korean missile tests in , , , , and As of early [update] , relationships between North and South Korea were very tense; North Korea had been reported to have deployed missiles, [] ended its former agreements with South Korea, [] and threatened South Korea and the United States not to interfere with a satellite launch it had planned.

President Lee Myung-bak declared in May that Seoul would cut all trade with North Korea as part of measures primarily aimed at striking back at North Korea diplomatically and financially, except for the joint Kaesong Industrial Project, and humanitarian aid.

Despite the continuing ties, Kaesong industrial zone has seen a large decrease in investment and manpower as a result of this military conflict. In February , the Kaesong complex was closed by Seoul in reaction to North Korea's launch of a rocket earlier in the month [] unanimously condemned by the United Nations security council.

Historically, Korea had close relations with the dynasties in China, and some Korean kingdoms were members of the Imperial Chinese tributary system.

The two countries sought to improve bilateral relations and lifted the forty-year-old trade embargo, [] and South Korean—Chinese relations have improved steadily since The deployment of THAAD defence missiles by the United States military in South Korea in response to North Korean missile tests has been protested strongly by the Chinese government, concerned that the technologically advanced missile defence could be used more broadly against China.

Korea and Japan have had difficult relations since ancient times , but also significant cultural exchange, with Korea acting as the gateway between Asia and Japan.

Contemporary perceptions of Japan are still largely defined by Japan's 35 year colonization of Korea in the 20th century, which is generally regarded in South Korea as having been very negative.

There is heavy anti-Japanese sentiment in South Korea because of a number of unsettled Japanese-Korean disputes , many of which stem from the period of Japanese occupation after the Japanese annexation of Korea.

The Liancourt Rocks were the first Korean territories to be forcibly colonized by Japan in Although it was again returned to Korea along with the rest of its territory in with the signing of the Treaty of San Francisco, Japan does not recant on its claims that the Liancourt Rocks are Japanese territory.

The free trade agreement was approved in September , and took effect on July 1, Nevertheless, EU companies have significant problems accessing and operating in the South Korean market because of stringent standards and testing requirements for products and services often creating barriers to trade.

Upon the onset of the Korean War in , U. The United States participation was critical for preventing the near defeat of the Republic of Korea by northern forces, as well as fighting back for the territory gains that define the South Korean nation today.

Following the Armistice, South Korea and the U. The two nations have strong economic, diplomatic, and military ties, although they have at times disagreed with regard to policies towards North Korea, and with regard to some of South Korea's industrial activities that involve usage of rocket or nuclear technology.

There had also been strong anti-American sentiment during certain periods, which has largely moderated in the modern day. The two nations also share a close economic relationship, with the U.

On October 12, , the U. Congress passed the long-stalled trade agreement with South Korea. The unresolved tension with North Korea have prompted South Korea to allocate 2.

All South Korean males are constitutionally required to serve in the military, typically 21 months. Previous exceptions for South Korean citizens of mixed race no longer apply since The South Korean army has 2, tanks in operation, including the K1A1 and K2 Black Panther , which form the backbone of the South Korean army's mechanized armor and infantry forces.

A sizable arsenal of many artillery systems, including 1, self-propelled K55 and K9 Thunder howitzers and helicopters and UAVs of numerous types, are assembled to provide additional fire, reconnaissance, and logistics support.

South Korea's smaller but more advanced artillery force and wide range of airborne reconnaissance platforms are pivotal in the counter-battery suppression of North Korea's large artillery force, which operates more than 13, artillery systems deployed in various state of fortification and mobility.

The South Korean navy has made its first major transformation into a blue-water navy through the formation of the Strategic Mobile Fleet, which includes a battle group of Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin class destroyers , Dokdo class amphibious assault ship , AIP-driven Type submarines , and King Sejong the Great class destroyers , which is equipped with the latest baseline of Aegis fleet-defense system that allows the ships to track and destroy multiple cruise missiles and ballistic missiles simultaneously, forming an integral part of South Korea's indigenous missile defense umbrella against the North Korean military's missile threat.

From time to time, South Korea has sent its troops overseas to assist American forces. It has participated in most major conflicts that the United States has been involved in the past 50 years.

A further 1, were deployed since to reinforce UN peacekeeping forces in Lebanon. The United States has stationed a substantial contingent of troops to defend South Korea.

There are approximately 28, U. Military personnel stationed in Korea, [] most of them serving one year unaccompanied tours. There has been long term agreement between the United States and South Korea that South Korea should eventually assume the lead for its own defense.

This transition to a South Korean command has been slow and often postponed, although it is currently scheduled to occur in the early s.

Male citizens who refuse or reject to undertake military services because of conscientious objection are typically imprisoned, with over individuals usually imprisoned at any given time; more than the rest of the world put together.

South Korea's mixed economy [] [] [] ranks 11th nominal and 13th purchasing power parity GDP in the world, identifying it as one of the G major economies.

It is a developed country with a high-income economy and is the most industrialized member country of the OECD. South Korean brands such as LG Electronics and Samsung are internationally famous and garnered South Korea's reputation for its quality electronics and other manufactured goods.

Its massive investment in education has taken the country from mass illiteracy to a major international technological powerhouse. The country's national economy benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree.

Despite the South Korean economy's high growth potential and apparent structural stability, the country suffers damage to its credit rating in the stock market because of the belligerence of North Korea in times of deep military crises, which has an adverse effect on South Korean financial markets.

Furthermore, South Korea was one of the few developed countries that were able to avoid a recession during the global financial crisis.

The unemployment rate in South Korea also remained low in , at 3. The following list includes the largest South Korean companies by revenue in who are all listed as part of the Fortune Global South Korea has a technologically advanced transport network consisting of high-speed railways, highways, bus routes, ferry services, and air routes that crisscross the country.

Korea Expressway Corporation operates the toll highways and service amenities en route. Korail provides frequent train services to all major South Korean cities.

South Korea's main gateway and largest airport is Incheon International Airport , serving 58 million passengers in There are also a large number of airports that were built as part of the infrastructure boom but are barely used.

The national carrier, Korean Air served over 26,, passengers, including almost 19,, international passengers in Combined, South Korean airlines serve international routes.

South Korea is the world's fifth-largest nuclear power producer and the second-largest in Asia as of [update]. Fuel production and waste handling technologies have also been developed locally.

It is also a member of the ITER project. South Korea is an emerging exporter of nuclear reactors , having concluded agreements with the UAE to build and maintain four advanced nuclear reactors, [] with Jordan for a research nuclear reactor, [] [] and with Argentina for construction and repair of heavy-water nuclear reactors.

South Korea is not allowed to enrich uranium or develop traditional uranium enrichment technology on its own, because of US political pressure, [] unlike most major nuclear powers such as Japan, Germany, and France, competitors of South Korea in the international nuclear market.

This impediment to South Korea's indigenous nuclear industrial undertaking has sparked occasional diplomatic rows between the two allies.

While South Korea is successful in exporting its electricity-generating nuclear technology and nuclear reactors, it cannot capitalize on the market for nuclear enrichment facilities and refineries , preventing it from further expanding its export niche.

South Korea has sought unique technologies such as pyroprocessing to circumvent these obstacles and seek a more advantageous competition.

South Korea is the third highest ranked Asian country in the World Economic Forum's Network Readiness Index NRI after Singapore and Hong Kong respectively — an indicator for determining the development level of a country's information and communication technologies.

South Korea ranked number 10 overall in the NRI ranking, up from 11 in In , 17 million foreign tourists visited South Korea [] [] With rising tourist prospects, especially from foreign countries outside of Asia, the South Korean government has set a target of attracting 20 million foreign tourists a year by South Korean tourism is driven by many factors, including the popularity of South Korean pop music and television dramas , known as Korean Wave Hallyu , throughout East Asia, traditional culture, cuisine and natural environment.

The Hyundai Research Institute reported that the Korean Wave has a direct impact in encouraging direct foreign investment back into the country through demand for products, and the tourism industry.

According to an analysis by economist Han Sang-Wan, a 1 percent increase in the exports of Korean cultural content pushes consumer goods exports up 0.

The South Korean pension system was created to provide benefits to persons reaching old age, families and persons stricken with death of their primary breadwinner, and for the purposes of stabilizing its nations welfare state.

In there was a total of 18,, insured individuals with only around , persons excluded from mandatory contribution.

Eligibility for the national pension scheme is not dependent on income but on age and residence, where those between the ages of 18 to 59 are covered.

Employees between the ages of 18 to 59 are covered under the workplace-based pension scheme and contribute 4. Voluntarily insured persons are not subjected to mandatory coverage but can choose to be.

This category comprises retirees who voluntarily choose to have additional benefits, individuals under the age of 27 without income, and individuals whose spouses are covered under a public welfare system, whether military, governmental, or private school teacher pensions.

Voluntarily and continuously insured persons consists of individuals 60 years of age who want to fulfill the minimum insured period of 20 years to qualify for old age pension benefits.

South Korea's old-age pension scheme covers individuals age 60 or older for the rest of their life as long as they have satisfied the minimum of 20 years of national pension coverage before hand.

There also is an 'active old-age pension' scheme that covers individuals age 60 to 65 engaged in activities yielding earned income.

Individuals age of 55 and younger than 60 who are not engaged in activities yielding earned income are eligible to be covered under the 'early old-age pension' scheme.

Scientific and technological development in the South Korea at first did not occur largely because of more pressing matters such as the division of Korea and the Korean War that occurred right after its independence.

It wasn't until the s under the dictatorship of Park Chung-hee where South Korea's economy rapidly grew from industrialisation and the Chaebol corporations such as Samsung and LG.

Ever since the industrialization of South Korea's economy, South Korea has placed its focus on technology-based corporations, which has been supported by infrastructure developments by the government.

South Korean corporations Samsung and LG were ranked first and third largest mobile phone companies in the world in the first quarter of , respectively.

South Korea has the fastest Internet download speeds in the world, with an average download speed of There is a growing trend of inventions of new types of media or apps, utilizing the 4G and 5G internet infrastructure in South Korea.

South Korea has today the infrastructures to meet a density of population and culture that has the capability to create strong local particularity.

Following cyberattacks in the first half of , whereby government, news-media, television station, and bank websites were compromised, the national government committed to the training of 5, new cybersecurity experts by The South Korean government blamed North Korea for these attacks, as well as incidents that occurred in , and , but Pyongyang denies the accusations.

In late September , a computer-security competition jointly sponsored by the defense ministry and the National Intelligence Service was announced.

South Korea has sent up 10 satellites from , all using foreign rockets and overseas launch pads, notably Arirang-1 in , and Arirang-2 in as part of its space partnership with Russia.

South Korea's efforts to build an indigenous space launch vehicle is marred because of persistent political pressure of the United States, who had for many decades hindered South Korea's indigenous rocket and missile development programs [] in fear of their possible connection to clandestine military ballistic missile programs, which Korea many times insisted did not violate the research and development guidelines stipulated by US-Korea agreements on restriction of South Korean rocket technology research and development.

Plans of creating English-teaching robot assistants to compensate for the shortage of teachers were announced in February , with the robots being deployed to most preschools and kindergartens by Recently, research and development in genetics and cloning has received increasing attention, with the first successful cloning of a dog, Snuppy in , and the cloning of two females of an endangered species of wolves [ which?

The rapid growth of the industry has resulted in significant voids in regulation of ethics, as was highlighted by the scientific misconduct case involving Hwang Woo-Suk.

South Korea shares its traditional culture with North Korea , but the two Koreas have developed distinct contemporary forms of culture since the peninsula was divided in Historically, while the culture of Korea has been heavily influenced by that of neighboring China, it has nevertheless managed to develop a unique cultural identity that is distinct from its larger neighbor.

The South Korean Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism actively encourages the traditional arts, as well as modern forms, through funding and education programs.

The industrialization and urbanization of South Korea have brought many changes to the way modern Koreans live.

Changing economics and lifestyles have led to a concentration of population in major cities, especially the capital Seoul, with multi-generational households separating into nuclear family living arrangements.

A Euromonitor study found that South Koreans drink the most alcohol on a weekly basis compared to the rest of the world. South Koreans drink Korean art has been highly influenced by Buddhism and Confucianism , which can be seen in the many traditional paintings, sculptures, ceramics and the performing arts.

Post-war modern Korean art started to flourish in the s and s, when South Korean artists took interest in geometrical shapes and intangible subjects.

Establishing a harmony between man and nature was also a favorite of this time. Because of social instability, social issues appeared as main subjects in the s.

Art was influenced by various international events and exhibits in Korea, and with it brought more diversity. Because of South Korea's tumultuous history, construction and destruction has been repeated endlessly, resulting in an interesting melange of architectural styles and designs.

Korean traditional architecture is characterized by its harmony with nature. Ancient architects adopted the bracket system characterized by thatched roofs and heated floors called ondol.

Traditional architecture can be seen in the palaces and temples, preserved old houses called hanok , [] and special sites like Hahoe Folk Village , Yangdong Village of Gyeongju and Korean Folk Village.

Western architecture was first introduced to Korea at the end of the 19th century. Churches, offices for foreign legislation, schools and university buildings were built in new styles.

With the annexation of Korea by Japan in the colonial regime intervened in Korea's architectural heritage, and Japanese-style modern architecture was imposed.

The anti-Japanese sentiment, and the Korean War, led to the destruction of most buildings constructed during that time.

Korean architecture entered a new phase of development during the post-Korean War reconstruction, incorporating modern architectural trends and styles.

Stimulated by the economic growth in the s and s, active redevelopment saw new horizons in architectural design. In the aftermath of the Seoul Olympics, South Korea has witnessed a wide variation of styles in its architectural landscape due, in large part, to the opening up of the market to foreign architects.

Ingredients and dishes vary by province. There are many significant regional dishes that have proliferated in different variations across the country in the present day.

The Korean royal court cuisine once brought all of the unique regional specialties together for the royal family.

Meals consumed both by the royal family and ordinary Korean citizens have been regulated by a unique culture of etiquette.

Korean cuisine is largely based on rice , noodles , tofu , vegetables, fish and meats. Every meal is accompanied by numerous banchan.

Soups are also a common part of a Korean meal and are served as part of the main course rather than at the beginning or the end of the meal.

Popular Korean alcoholic beverages include Soju , Makgeolli and Bokbunja ju. Korea is unique among Asian countries in its use of metal chopsticks.

Metal chopsticks have been discovered in Goguryeo archaeological sites. In addition to domestic consumption, South Korea has a thriving entertainment industry where various facets of South Korean entertainment including television dramas, films, and popular music has generated significant financial revenues for the nation's economy.

The cultural phenomenon known as Hallyu or the "Korean Wave", has swept many countries across Asia making South Korea a major soft power as an exporter of popular culture and entertainment, rivaling Western nations such as the United States and the United Kingdom.

Südkorea wikipedia -

In den nördlichen und zentralen Regionen muss mit höheren Temperaturdifferenzen übers Jahr gerechnet werden als in den südlichen Küstengebieten. Es wurde ein Bildungsministerium gegründet, welches mit der Festlegung von Bildungsstandards und der Kontrolle von Schulbuchinhalten betraut war. Aus diesem Grund schufen sie viele Schulen nach westlichem Vorbild, die sowohl Gleichberechtigung und Bildung für alle proklamierten. Dies führte bereits bald dazu, dass die Universitäten nicht genügend Kapazitäten für die ansteigende Nachfrage hatten. Für die Entsorgung von schwach- und mittelradioaktiven Abfällen wurden im Jahr Gemeinden gebeten sich freiwillig als Standort zu melden, woraufhin sieben Anträge einreichten, aber in keiner die notwendige Bevölkerungsmehrheit zustande kam. Es gibt drei Mobilfunkanbieter in Südkorea:

As guerrilla activities expanded everywhere in South Korea, the South Korean government used strong measures against peasants, such as forcefully moving their families from guerrilla areas.

The losses incurred from that terror were: The Korean Peninsula remained divided, the Korean Demilitarized Zone being the de facto border between the two states.

During the Korean War —53 more than 1. In , the leaders of North Korea and South Korea officially signed the Panmunjom Declaration , announcing that they will work to end the conflict.

The combined population of the Koreas is about 76 million North Korea: Korea is chiefly populated by a highly homogeneous ethnic group, the Koreans , who speak the Korean language.

Worldwide, there are up to 80 million speakers of the Korean language. South Korea has around 50 million speakers while North Korea around 25 million.

The classification of Korean is debated. Some linguists place it in the Altaic language family; others consider it to be a language isolate.

Korean is agglutinative in its morphology and SOV in its syntax. Like Japanese and Vietnamese , Korean has borrowed much vocabulary from the Chinese or created vocabulary on Chinese models.

Modern Korean is written almost exclusively in the script of the Korean alphabet known as Hangul in South Korea and Chosungul in China and North Korea , which was invented in the 15th century.

Korean is sometimes written with the addition of some Chinese characters called Hanja; however, this is only occasionally seen nowadays.

While Hangul may appear logographic , it is actually a phonemic alphabet organised into syllabic blocks. Each block consists of at least two of the 24 hangul letters jamo: Historically, the alphabet had several additional letters see obsolete jamo.

For a phonological description of the letters, see Korean phonology. Thus, one born immediately before New Year's Day may only be a few days old in western reckoning, but two years old in Korea.

Accordingly, a Korean person's stated age at least among fellow Koreans will be one or two years more than their age according to western reckoning.

However, western reckoning is sometimes applied with regard to the concept of legal age ; for example, the legal age for purchasing alcohol or cigarettes in the Republic of Korea is 19, which is measured according to western reckoning.

Korean literature written before the end of the Joseon Dynasty is called "Classical" or "Traditional. Classical Korean literature has its roots in traditional folk beliefs and folk tales of the peninsula, strongly influenced by Confucianism , Buddhism and Taoism.

Modern literature is often linked with the development of hangul , which helped spread literacy from the aristocracy to the common people.

Hangul, however, only reached a dominant position in Korean literature in the second half of the 19th century, resulting in a major growth in Korean literature.

Sinsoseol , for instance, are novels written in hangul. The Korean War led to the development of literature centered on the wounds and chaos of war.

Much of the post-war literature in South Korea deals with the daily lives of ordinary people, and their struggles with national pain. The collapse of the traditional Korean value system is another common theme of the time.

Traditional Korean music includes combinations of the folk, vocal, religious and ritual music styles of the Korean people. Korean music has been practiced since prehistoric times.

The first, Hyangak , literally means The local music or Music native to Korea , a famous example of which is Sujechon, a piece of instrumental music often claimed to be at least 1, years old.

Confucian tradition has dominated Korean thought, along with contributions by Buddhism , Taoism , and Korean Shamanism. Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea.

Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an underlying religion of the Korean people as well as a vital aspect of their culture; all these traditions have coexisted peacefully for hundreds of years up to today despite strong Westernisation from Christian missionary conversions in the South [] [] [] or the pressure from the Juche government in the North.

Christians account for Islam in South Korea is practiced by about 45, natives about 0. Koreans traditionally believe that the taste and quality of food depend on its spices and sauces, the essential ingredients to making a delicious meal.

Therefore, soybean paste , soy sauce , gochujang or red pepper paste and kimchi are some of the most important staples in a Korean household.

Korean cuisine was greatly influenced by the geography and climate of the Korean Peninsula, which is known for its cold autumns and winters, therefore there are many fermented dishes and hot soups and stews.

Korean cuisine is probably best known for kimchi , a side dish which uses a distinctive fermentation process of preserving vegetables, most commonly cabbage.

Kimchi is said to relieve the pores on the skin, thereby reducing wrinkles and providing nutrients to the skin naturally.

It is also healthy, as it provides necessary vitamins and nutrients. Gochujang, a traditional Korean sauce made of red pepper is also commonly used, often as pepper chilli paste, earning the cuisine a reputation for spiciness.

Bulgogi roasted marinated meat, usually beef , galbi marinated grilled short ribs , and samgyeopsal pork belly are popular meat entrees.

Fish is also a popular commodity, as it is the traditional meat that Koreans eat. Meals are usually accompanied by a soup or stew, such as galbitang stewed ribs or doenjang jjigae fermented bean paste soup.

The center of the table is filled with a shared collection of sidedishes called banchan. Other popular dishes include bibimbap which literally means "mixed rice" rice mixed with meat, vegetables, and red pepper paste and naengmyeon cold noodles.

Instant noodles or ramyeon are a popular snack food and Koreans also enjoy food from pojangmachas street vendors , where customers can buy tteokbokki rice cake and fish cake with a spicy gochujang sauce , gimbap made of steamed white rice wrapped in dried laver seaweed as well as fried squid and glazed sweet potato.

Soondae , a sausage made of cellophane noodles and pork blood, is widely eaten. Additionally, some other common snacks include " Choco Pie ", shrimp crackers, "bbeongtwigi" puffed rice grains , and "nurungji" slightly burnt rice.

Nurungji can be eaten as it is or boiled with water to make a soup. Nurungji can also be eaten as a snack or a dessert. Korea is unique among Asian countries in its use of metal chopsticks.

Metal chopsticks have been discovered in archaeological sites belonging to the ancient Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla.

The modern South Korean school system consists of six years in elementary school, three years in middle school, and three years in high school.

Students are required to go to elementary and middle school, and do not have to pay for their education, except for a small fee called a "School Operation Support Fee" that differs from school to school.

South Korea ranks second on math and literature and first in problem solving [ citation needed ]. Although South Korean students often rank high on international comparative assessments, the education system is criticised for emphasising too much upon passive learning and memorization.

The South Korean education system is rather notably strict and structured as compared to its counterparts in most Western societies. After students enter university, however, the situation is markedly reversed.

The North Korean education system consists primarily of universal and state funded schooling by the government.

The national literacy rate for citizens 15 years of age and above is over 99 percent. Other notable universities include Kim Chaek University of Technology , which focuses on computer science, Pyongyang University of Foreign Studies , which trains working level diplomats and trade officials, and Kim Hyong Jik University , which trains teachers.

Outside the formal structure of schools and classrooms in the north is the extremely important "social education".

This education includes not only extracurricular activities but also family life and the broadest range of human relationships within society.

There is great sensitivity to the influence of the social environment on the growing child and its role in the development of his or her character.

The ideal of social education is to provide a carefully controlled environment in which children are exposed only to pro- Juche and anti-south influences.

According to a North Korean official interviewed in , 'School education is not enough to turn the rising generation into men of knowledge, virtue, and physical fitness.

After school, our children have many spare hours. So it's important to efficiently organise their afterschool education'.

The earliest known surviving Korean example of woodblock printing is the Mugujeonggwang Great Dharani Sutra. During the Goryeo Dynasty , metal movable type printing was invented by Choe Yun-ui in There is conjecture as to whether or not Choe's invention had any influence on later printing inventions such as Gutenberg's Printing press.

The Korean alphabet hangul was also invented during this time by King Sejong the Great. North Korea and South Korea usually compete as two separate nations in international events.

There are, however, a few examples of them having competed as one entity , under the name Korea. While association football remains one of the most popular sports in South Korea, the martial art of taekwondo is considered to be the national sport.

Baseball and golf are also popular. Taekwondo is one of Korea's most famous sports. It combines combat techniques, self-defense, sport, exercise and in some cases meditation and philosophy.

Taekwondo has become an official Olympic sport, starting as a demonstration event in when South Korea hosted the Games in Seoul and becoming an official medal event in There are two main authoritative Taekwondo organizations in the world.

Hapkido is a modern Korean martial art with a grappling focus that employs joint locks, throws, kicks, punches and other striking attacks like attacks against pressure points.

Hapkido emphasizes circular motion, non-resisting movements and control of the opponent. Practitioners seek to gain advantage through footwork and body positioning to employ leverage, avoiding the pure use of strength against strength.

Ssireum is the traditional national sport of Korea. During a match, opponents grip each other by sash belts wrapped around the waist and the thigh, attempting to throw their competitor to the sandy ground of the ring.

The first opponent to touch the ground with any body part above the knee or to lose hold of their opponent loses the round. Ssireum competitions are traditionally held twice a year, during the Dano Festival the 5th day of the fifth lunar month and Chuseok the 15th day of the 8th lunar month.

Competitions are also held throughout the year as a part of festivals and other events. Samiljeol , Independence Movement Day, commemorates Korea's declaration of independence from Japanese occupation on March 1, On March 1, , Korean presented their resistance towards Japan and Japanese occupation with a declaration of independence.

The newly established Korean government set aside March 1 as a national holiday to commemorate the sacrifices borne in the long struggle for Korean independence.

Hyunchoongil is the national holiday in Korea commemorating those who fought and died for the nation. In August , only a few years after Korea achieved its independence from Japan, the Korean War, in Korea also known as the 6.

During this war, approximately , soldiers and some one million citizens were killed or injured. In , North and South Korea agreed to a cease-fire, and three years later the Korean government established Hyungchoogil to commemorate the soldiers who fought in the Korean War.

Subsequent to its establishment, Hyungchoogil was reinterpreted as a day of remembrance for those who died defending Korea in all conflicts, not only during the Korean War.

Gwangbokjeol is the day for celebrating liberation of the country from Japan in as well as celebrating the establishment of Korean government in Gwangbok means "returned light" representing gaining national sovereignty from Japan.

It was first declared to be national holiday in October 1. On this date every year, the president of Korea visits Independence Hall, and invites diplomatic envoys from many countries and all social standings in countries to Cheongwadae the Blue House, the Korean presidential residence.

Before the creation of Hangul, people in Korea known as Joseon at the time primarily wrote using Classical Chinese alongside native phonetic writing systems that predate Hangul by hundreds of years, including idu , hyangchal , gugyeol , and gakpil.

To assuage this problem, King Sejong created the unique alphabet known as Hangul to promote literacy among the common people. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Region in East Asia. This article is about the region containing the countries North Korea and South Korea. For the peninsula the region is located on, see Korean Peninsula.

For other uses, see Korea disambiguation. Part of a series on the. Prehistoric Korea and Gojoseon. Proto—Three Kingdoms of Korea.

Korea under Japanese rule. Division of Korea , Korean conflict , and Korean reunification. Korean language and Korean Sign Language.

Culture of Korea , Korean art , Korean pottery and porcelain , Korean martial arts , Korean dance , Korean bow , and Korean architecture.

Historic Monuments and Sites in Kaesong. Royal Tombs of the Joseon. Korean tea ceremony and Korean royal court cuisine.

History of science and technology in Korea. List of Korean inventions and discoveries. List of public holidays in South Korea.

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Here in the relatively dangerous waters on the eastern fringes of the world, they performed the same functions as did the traders of the placid Mediterranean on the western fringes.

This is a historical fact of considerable significance but one which has received virtually no attention in the standard historical compilations of that period or in the modern books based on these sources.

While there were limits to the influence of the Koreans along the eastern coast of China, there can be no doubt of their dominance over the waters off these shores.

The days of Korean maritime dominance in the Far East actually were numbered, but in Ennin's time the men of Silla were still the masters of the seas in their part of the world.

A Concise History of Korea: A History of the World in Objects. Retrieved 30 September Metropolitan Museum of Art. Check date values in: The Harvard Dictionary of Music.

Moon Living Abroad in South Korea. The History of Korea. Hinsichtlich ihrer genetischen Klassifizierung ist man sich in der linguistischen Forschung uneinig, die meisten Forscher gehen allerdings von einer Isolierten Sprachgruppe aus.

Auf Veranlassung von König Sejong wurde im Jahr das Hangeul -Alphabet geschaffen, um dem Volk ein zur koreanischen Sprache passendes und leicht erlernbares Schriftsystem zur Verfügung zu stellen.

Aus einer operativen Sichtweise betrachtet handelt es sich zwar um eine Buchstabenschrift, da die Konsonanten und Vokale aber stets in Silbenblöcken angeordnet werden, kann man unter funktionalen Gesichtspunkten allerdings auch von einer Silbenschrift sprechen.

Da diese noch bis zum Ende des Jahrhunderts die gängige Schriftsprache blieb und ihre Beherrschung ein Merkmal des Gelehrten-Adels der sogenannten Yangban -Schicht war, blieb der koreanischen Schrift in den ersten Jahren ihrer Existenz lediglich ein Schattendasein beschieden.

Mit dem Aufkommen eines koreanischen Nationalgefühls im Jahrhundert, den progressiven Gabo-Reformen und den Bemühungen westlicher Missionare wurde das Hangeul-Alphabet immer weiter verbreitet.

Nach der Wiedererlangung der koreanischen Unabhängigkeit im Jahr wurde es in beiden Teilen des Landes zur offiziellen Schrift erklärt.

In Südkorea werden die Hanja auch heute noch gelegentlich zur Schreibung von sinokoreanischen, d. Bevor Korea unter japanische Herrschaft geriet, hatte es jahrhundertelang ein homogenes Reich gebildet und eine eigenständige Kultur und Gesellschaft entwickelt.

Infolgedessen weisen Nordkorea und Südkorea noch heute viele Gemeinsamkeiten auf. Die Kultur Koreas ist unter anderem durch konfuzianische und buddhistische Bräuche geprägt.

Die Koreaner haben viele chinesische Handwerkskünste weiterentwickelt. So war Korea lange bekannt für seine Seide und Töpferei-Arbeiten. Auch Goldarbeiten aus Korea waren hoch angesehen.

In Korea wurde bereits Ende des Jahrhundert wurden die sogenannten Schildkrötenschiffe in Korea entwickelt und erfolgreich im Imjin-Krieg gegen Japan eingesetzt.

Der Yen konnte sich in Korea erst als Zahlungsmittel etablieren; zuvor wechselten Geld und andere Zahlungsmittel, wie Stoffe oder Getreide, einander ab.

Ab prägte die Regierung jährlich Münzen; verbot sie private Münzen, die bis dahin mit königlicher Lizenz geprägt wurden.

Juni übernahm Korea unter japanischem Einfluss den dort geltenden Goldstandard und band seine Währung im Verhältnis 1: Mit der Annektierung Koreas im Jahr wurde auch der koreanische Won wieder abgeschafft und durch den koreanischen Yen Verhältnis 1: Nach dem Ende der Kolonialzeit und der Zweiteilung Koreas wurde in Südkorea der erste südkoreanische Won eingeführt, zunächst im Wert an den japanischen Yen im Verhältnis 1: Auch der Hwan verlor durch Inflation rasch an Wert Februar

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Südkorea Wikipedia Video

Girls' Generation 소녀시대 'The Boys' MV (KOR Ver.)

wikipedia südkorea -

Bis heute wurden insgesamt vier Tunnel entdeckt, die Existenz noch weiterer wird vermutet. Weblink offline IABot Wikipedia: Etwa zwei Drittel des Landes sind bewaldet. Death penalty abolition — historic opportunity. Man geht davon aus, dass es rund Juni , archiviert vom Original am Stark gewöhnungsbedürftig sind zum Beispiel fermentierter Fisch Hongeohoe oder Eintopf aus Schmetterlingslarven Bondaegi. Während der Amtszeit Rohs machte die Demokratie in Südkorea deutliche Fortschritte, es wurden viele Reformen beschlossen. So werden Baduk-Partien im Fernsehen übertragen und für sachliche Analysen wiederholt. Anders als das benachbarte Japan ist Südkorea kaum von Naturkatastrophen betroffen. Doch der Leistungsdruck, der hierdurch auf die Kinder und Jugendlichen übertragen wird, ist enorm hoch. Auf der König der sportwetten Jeju wurde mindestens jeder zehnte Einwohner getötet. Top 10 National Apologies. Kim und Roh einig. Dies ermöglichte der breiten Bevölkerung zum ersten Casino ranking in der Geschichte Koreas die Chance auf freie und deregulierte Bildung.

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